Pigmentation is a common phenomenon caused by changes in the pigment melanin, which is located in the basal layer of the epidermis, and sets the skin tone. Melanin is created in the depth of the skin and it undergoes various chemical transformations on its way to the epidermis or the hair cells. These processes are affected by internal and external factors, such as:
• Exposure to the sun
These effects may cause the appearance of too much pigmentation – hyper pigmentation, or not enough pigmentation – hypo pigmentation. Although these phenomena may be quite common, the manner of treating them constitutes one of the more difficult problems in dermatology science.
Treating -who can benefit from this treatment?
Treating pigmentation is relevant for anyone whose skin was damaged, without limitation of age.
The areas of the treatment
Mostly in areas such as the face, the chest, palms of the hands and the arms.
Types of pigmentation
Freckles and spots without a defined border
They show up in the areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, the chest and the shoulders. During the winter these become paler, and after a sun burn they tend to remain indefinitely.
Large skin spots
Appear as a result of sun exposure, mostly on the hands, the sides of the face and on the chest. The likelihood of their occurrence increases with age.
Brown skin spots on the face. Appear around the nose, the chin and the cheekbones – particularly as a side effect of contraceptives, following pregnancy and, at times, as a result of a genetic tendency.
Results from a trauma to the skin, such as a wound, a burn and following abrasion of the skin – for example using a loofa.
Treatment methods for skin spots and pigmentation
The treatment of skin spots and pigmentation varies in accordance with the causes for pigmentation. A suitable course of treatment is determined after the causes are diagnosed. .
• Treatment with various creams and ointments, composed from depigmentation agents (lightening agents) such as hydroquinone, azelaic acid and Retin-A (tretinoin).
• Various laser treatments, combined with Intense Pulsed Light Treatment, together cause controlled peeling of the skin. This treatment is also suitable for people with dark skin, where cautious peeling is induced using various acids in different concentrations.
Why treat skin spots at Elman’s Clinics Network?
Treating facial pigmentation requires expertise, experience and understanding, in order to determine the most suitable treatment option. At the Elman’s Clinics Network you benefit from our innovative approach, which places us in the vanguard of cosmetic medicine, as well as from our vast experience in aesthetics and dermatology medicine